It is no accident that the countries that have legalized or are considering legalizing same-sex marriage have some of the lowest fertility rates in the world. For instance, the Netherlands, Sweden, and Canada have birthrates that hover around 1. Our high-quality writers are trained experts in custom essay writing. We are always open to any request you might have. Stay in touch and OZessay will happily assist you with online writing help for college students.
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OZessay can do it for you. Malta has recognized same-sex unions since April , following the enactment of the Civil Unions Act , first introduced in September It established civil unions with same rights, responsibilities, and obligations as marriage, including the right of joint adoption and recognition of foreign same-sex marriage.
The first foreign same-sex marriage was registered on 29 April and the first civil union was performed on 14 June It was signed into law and published in the Government Gazette on 1 August In individual cases, same-sex couples have been given judicial approval to marry in all other states.
An Argument for Same Sex Marriage
Since August , same-sex marriages performed within Mexico are recognized by the 31 states without exception. On 21 December , the Legislative Assembly of Mexico City formerly the Federal District of Mexico City legalized same-sex marriages and adoption by same-sex couples. The law was enacted eight days later and became effective in early March On 28 November , the first two same-sex marriages occurred in Quintana Roo after it was discovered that Quintana Roo's Civil Code did not explicitly prohibit same-sex marriage,  but these marriages were later annulled by the Governor of Quintana Roo in April On 11 February , the Congress of Coahuila approved adoptions by same-sex couples.
A bill legalizing same-sex marriages passed on 1 September , making Coahuila the first state and second jurisdiction after Mexico City to reform its Civil Code to allow for legal same-sex marriages. On 12 June , the Governor of Chihuahua announced that his administration would no longer oppose same-sex marriages in the state. The order was effective immediately, thus making Chihuahua the third state to legalize such unions. On 3 June , the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation released a "jurisprudential thesis" that found state-laws defining marriage as a union between a man and a woman unconstitutional.
The ruling standardized court procedures across Mexico to authorize same-sex marriages. However, the process is still lengthy and more expensive than that for an opposite-sex marriage, as the ruling did not invalidate any state laws, meaning same-sex couples will be denied the right to wed and will have to turn to the courts for individual injunctions Spanish : amparo. However, given the nature of the ruling, judges and courts throughout Mexico must approve any application for a same-sex marriage.
On 25 June , following the Supreme Court's ruling striking down district same-sex marriage bans, the Civil Registry of Guerrero announced that they had planned a collective same-sex marriage ceremony for 10 July and indicated that there would have to be a change to the law to allow gender-neutral marriage, passed through the state Legislature before the official commencement. On 17 December , the Congress of Nayarit approved a bill legalizing same-sex marriage. The Netherlands was the first country to extend marriage laws to include same-sex couples, following the recommendation of a special commission appointed to investigate the issue in A same-sex marriage bill passed the House of Representatives and the Senate in , taking effect on 1 April In the Dutch Caribbean special municipalities of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba , marriage is open to same-sex couples.
A law enabling same-sex couples to marry in these municipalities passed and came into effect on 10 October New Zealand's dependent territory, Tokelau , and associated states, Cook Islands and Niue , have their own marriage laws and do not perform or recognise same-sex marriage. Same-sex marriage became legal in Norway on 1 January when a gender-neutral marriage bill was enacted after being passed by the Norwegian legislature, the Storting , in June Gender-neutral marriage replaced Norway's previous system of registered partnerships for same-sex couples.
Couples in registered partnerships are able to retain that status or convert their registered partnership to a marriage. No new registered partnerships may be created.
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Portugal created de facto unions similar to common-law marriage for cohabiting opposite-sex partners in , and extended these unions to same-sex couples in However, the extension did not allow for same-sex adoption, either jointly or of stepchildren. On 11 February , Parliament approved a bill legalizing same-sex marriage. The Portuguese President promulgated the law on 8 April and the law was effective on 5 June , making Portugal the eighth country to legalize nationwide same-sex marriage; however, adoption was still denied for same-sex couples.
In December , the Portuguese Parliament approved a bill to recognise adoptions rights for same-sex couples. Legal recognition of same-sex marriages in South Africa came about as a result of the Constitutional Court 's decision in the case of Minister of Home Affairs v Fourie. The court ruled on 1 December that the existing marriage laws violated the equality clause of the Bill of Rights because they discriminated on the basis of sexual orientation.
The court gave Parliament one year to rectify the inequality.
Argumentative Essay on Gay Marriage - Free Student Essay Online
It became law on 30 November South Africa became the fifth country, the first in Africa, and the second outside Europe, to legalize same-sex marriage. Spain was the third country in the world to legalize same-sex marriage, which has been legal since 3 July , and was supported by the majority of the Spanish people. King Juan Carlos , who by law has up to 30 days to decide whether to grant royal assent to laws, signed it on 1 July The law was published on 2 July Same-sex marriage in Sweden has been legal since 1 May , following the adoption of a new gender-neutral law on marriage by the Swedish Parliament on 1 April , making Sweden the seventh country in the world to open marriage to same-sex couples nationwide.
Marriage replaced Sweden's registered partnerships for same-sex couples. Existing registered partnerships between same-sex couples remained in force with an option to convert them into marriages. On 22 December , a proposed amendment to the Civil Code that would legalize same-sex marriage was due to go under review by the Judiciary Committee. If the amendment passes the committee stage, it will then be voted on at the plenary session of the Legislative Yuan in The amendment, called the marriage equality amendment, would insert neutral terms into the Civil Code replacing ones that imply heterosexual marriage, effectively legalizing same-sex marriage.
It would also allow same-sex couples to adopt children.
Should Gays Be Allowed to Marry
In October , two new same-sex marriage bills were introduced to the Legislative Yuan. Subsequently, protests have been staged by groups opposing and by groups supporting legalization. On 24 May , the Constitutional Court ruled that same-sex couples have the right to marry, and gave the Taiwanese Government two years to amend the law to that effect.
It was also ruled that if the law was not amended after two years, same-sex couples would automatically be able to register valid marriage applications in Taiwan. On 17 May , lawmakers in Taiwan approved a bill legalizing same-sex marriage, a landmark decision that made the self-ruled island the first country in Asia to pass gay marriage legislation. Since , same-sex couples have been allowed to enter into civil partnerships , a separate union providing the legal consequences of marriage.
In , the High Court rejected a legal bid by a British lesbian couple who had married in Canada to have their union recognised as a marriage in the UK rather than a civil partnership. In September , the Coalition Government announced its intention to introduce same-sex civil marriage in England and Wales by the May general election. In May , three religious groups Quakers, Liberal Judaism and Unitarians sent a letter to David Cameron, asking that they be allowed to solemnise same-sex weddings.
In June , the UK Government completed the consultation to allow civil marriage for same-sex couples in England and Wales.
In December , the Prime Minister, David Cameron , announced that, whilst he favoured allowing same-sex marriage within a religious context, provision would be made guaranteeing no religious institution would be required to perform such ceremonies. The Scottish Government conducted a three-month-long consultation that ended on 9 December The analysis was published in July Whilst the Scottish Government was in favour of same-sex marriage, it stated that no religious body would be forced to hold such ceremonies once legislation is enacted.
On 4 February , the Scottish Parliament overwhelmingly passed legislation legalising same-sex marriage. The Northern Ireland Executive has stated that it does not intend to introduce legislation allowing for same-sex marriage in Northern Ireland. Same-sex marriages from other jurisdictions are treated as civil partnerships. In February , Bermuda passed the Domestic Partnership Act , revoking same-sex marriage, which had been legalised by a May Supreme Court ruling.
On 23 November , the court upheld the Supreme Court's ruling, by which same-sex marriage became again legal in Bermuda.
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In the Crown dependencies , same-sex marriage has been legal in the Isle of Man since 22 July , in Guernsey and Alderney since 2 May and 14 June , respectively and in Jersey since 1 July Same-sex marriage in the United States expanded from one state in to all fifty states in through various state court rulings, state legislation, direct popular votes, and federal court rulings. The fifty states each have separate marriage laws , which must adhere to rulings by the Supreme Court of the United States that recognize marriage as a fundamental right that is guaranteed by both the Due Process Clause and the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution , as first established in the landmark civil rights case of Loving v.
Civil rights campaigning in support of marriage without distinction as to sex or sexual orientation began in the s. Nelson saw the Supreme Court of the United States decline to become involved. Lewin that it was unconstitutional under the state constitution for the state to abridge marriage on the basis of sex. That ruling led to federal and state actions to explicitly abridge marriage on the basis of sex in order to prevent the marriages of same-sex couples from being recognized by law, the most prominent of which was the federal DOMA.
Department of Public Health that it was unconstitutional under the state constitution for the state to abridge marriage on the basis of sex.
From through to , as the tide of public opinion continued to move towards support of same-sex marriage, various state court rulings, state legislation, direct popular votes referendums and initiatives , and federal court rulings established same-sex marriage in thirty-six of the fifty states. The first two decades of the 21st century saw same-sex marriage receive support from prominent figures in the civil rights movement , including Coretta Scott King , John Lewis , Julian Bond , and Mildred Loving. Windsor , leading to federal recognition of same-sex marriage, with federal benefits for married couples connected to either the state of residence or the state in which the marriage was solemnized.
Hodges that the fundamental right of same-sex couples to marry on the same terms and conditions as opposite-sex couples, with all the accompanying rights and responsibilities, is guaranteed by both the Due Process Clause and the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. The ruling of the Supreme Court in Obergefell occurred following decades of consistently rising national public support for same-sex marriage in the United States , with support continuing to rise thereafter.
The United States of America is the most populous country in the world to have established same-sex marriage nationwide.