For example, Epstein, in her book Deceptive Distinctions , maintains that distinctions based on gender identities serve more harm than good, and that attempts to divide the sexes based on intelligence present dysfunctional consequences for society. Some scholars argue in the affirmative, that men and women exhibit asymmetrical cognitive capabilities. Across many social and academic spheres, the question of who is the smarter sex is deemed unanswerable.
They may support the superiority of a particular sex, which in turn, is deliberately or intuitively reflected in their respective research. They are thus influenced by universal social discourses such as race, gender, and class. Absolute scientific objectivity is a standard difficult to uphold. As Gaitanidis states, the conditions, which produce gender identities, are not quasi-universal; sociocultural and historical forces intrude in our lives to shape our personal identities. Sex difference has been largely debunked, or at the very least, considered inconclusive.
The general consensus is that neither sex is psychologically superior. The emphasis is rather on the socialisation of difference, where the male and female gender constructs are influenced by worldviews, perceived norms and the unconscious. The variation of positions on sex difference indicates how pervasive the gender paradigm is, and how even purportedly objective areas of study, like science, can be skewed to perpetuate the idea of male intellectual dominance.
Stereotype speech ideas. 75 Persuasive Speech Topics and Ideas 12222-06-03
The revolutionary work of feminists and social constructivists over the past four decades has highlighted the impact and influence of gender constructs on sociocultural life and knowledge. At this juncture, the essay needs to address this question. Debates about gender equality refer to the asymmetrical power balance experienced between men and women due to differences in their gendered identities. This is a contemporary analysis of modern gender constructs and the relations between the sexes, yet the idea of gender equality has been a major international principle of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Some argue the term is a paradox; gender is a system based on difference, and thus could never transform into a state of equivalence. This approach is much more constructive, as it recognises gender equality as a fluid concept that responds to the unique requirements of specific contexts. With this in mind, the essay will now discuss the relationship between masculinity and gender equality.
Gender is an organising principle of social life, and change towards equality will require exceptional institutional and gender identity reform. In , women comprised only Masculinities and male stereotypes must be studied and deconstructed in order to effect change in how men relate to women. Stereotypes, or gender profiles, play an important role in the discussion of gender equality. They attribute certain characteristics to whole segments of society with the intention of presenting perception as truth.
The scale to which gender stereotypes impact society is articulated by Epstein who argues:. Gender stereotypes are inherently political; they can be used as tools for manipulating power relations between men and women. They are naturalised within society through a process of reproduction and maintenance. Masculinities, as is the case with femininities for women, are socially constructed gender profiles under which men are categorised. However, they are not created equal. It is a location within the male gender hierarchy that occupies the hegemonic, or top position.
As such, hegemonic masculinity retains the dominant position of social life, while other masculinities, such as homosexual masculinity,  and women are subordinated. An example of how gender stereotypes are cultivated in society, and how hegemonic masculinity is highly valued, is in New Zealand where some schools are pressured to employ male teachers.
Men who exhibit the traits of traditional masculinity are considered to possess hegemonic masculinity. In order to aspire to this social classification, there is a particular set of core features that a man must demonstrate. Public and private engagement with gender equality is scarce among males, which often obscures the issue and manifests dismissive attitudes.
One of the main issues regarding gender equality is that men do not comprehensively understand how traditional masculinities disadvantage women. Many men are unaware they exist within socially constructed gender structures that disenfranchise subordinated gender profiles, and therefore do not recognise a problem. Fortunately, attitudes, and the gender profiles they are associated with, are subject to social construction and transformation.
Christian argues that:.
However, social construction and indeed, deconstruction, is contingent upon the participation of relevant stakeholders. The supportive involvement of all those affected by gender is required to effect gender equality. In other words, the global community as a whole. These attitudes present a considerable hurdle in reaching gender equality, as they are taught to children and carried on through the generations.
One of the major principles of traditional masculinity that harms gender equality is that women are fundamentally inferior to men. This view can be traced back to the Greek philosopher Aristotle, who based this claim on the principles of reason. Due to the fact that traditional masculinity discourages the expression of emotion, men rarely discuss their feelings. Evidence of this is presented in the positive relationship between traditional masculinity and depression among male university students in the UK and United States. Hanninen and Valkonen argue that the principles of masculinity inhibit the expression of weakness or emotional distress and the seeking of help to remedy it.
In other words, traditional masculinity is not equipped to respond to challenges that threaten its integrity, such as depression perceived as emotional weakness and gender equality. Changing or altering traditional masculinity should be more widely recognised as an important step towards realising gender equality. In light of this, some gender equality advocate groups around the world have identified the need to promote masculinities that are more conducive of change.
MenEngage is a group for boys and men whose primary function is to advocate for equality between males and females.
Those who acknowledge the existence of gender equality, and seek to address it, agree that equality cannot progress without the contribution of males. By encouraging males to become more open and discuss their masculinities, it is possible to educate them on how their social roles and responsibilities impact women.
Developing male attitudes towards open acknowledgement of the gender profiles they operate within is an important step in reaching gender equality.
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These similarities included: having a peer-group or group of friends that were more accepting of gender-equitable attitudes; having personally suffered the negative impacts of traditional masculinity such as domestic violence; and, having a positive adult role model that represented an alternative to traditional gender roles.
Furthermore, this suggests that gender equality is achievable through the deconstruction of traditional masculinity as the hegemonic masculinity. Male stereotypes affect the manner in which males engage with gender equality, and traditional masculinity acts as the dominant masculinity for men. Although different masculinities exist for men, the idea of traditional masculinity remains the most influential.
Realising gender equality is difficult, because the fundamental characteristics exhibited by traditional masculinity defend against change. For global gender equality to progress, males must recognise themselves as fundamental actors and actively work to change the patriarchal structures, which benefit them to the exclusion of all others.
Without the supportive contribution of males, gender equality is doomed to perpetuate existing power imbalances that favour traditional masculinity. To progress towards gender equality, efforts must be made to deconstruct traditional masculinity. Connell, Masculinities , 2 nd ed. Hughs and P. Zimmerman and C.ilirojuvyc.tk
An Effective Guide to Writing an A-Grade Gender Roles Essay
Aronson and M. Kimmel eds. New York: Oxford University Press, , p. Some parents stay together for the sake of their children but fail to get along. Scientists have found other habitable planets. They have their hand in nearly every form of entertainment as well as media, and broadcasting.
Argumentative Essay Topics About Gender Equality
Women could only, under exceptional conditions, obtain a divorce yet any Greek man could rid himself of a wife simply Words 7 Pages There are multiple examples and instances where the object of a joke has something to do with gender and gender stereotypes. Little evidence was found for widespread gender stereotyping beyond a somewhat more positive self-image among women of both races.
We typically hold these stereotypes whether we know it or not, and it affects the way we think. You can reveal this by specifying that you have to study more so that you could accomplish your target. Waking up feeling unrested can make a person inactive, irritable and unproductive. You ought to add dramatic breaks to render the speech more compelling. In this article, we are going to discuss the key peculiarities of gender equality essay. Let me what you think of them by commenting below. Talking fast makes your speech confusing and ordinary.
Animal rights Exotic animals belong in the wild. Try to give an anatomically correct answer without being graphic. Parenting We want to find a home for every orphaned child but we want a happy home. Parenting Most parents believe that the right age to own a mobile is when children can pay for it so that they can be aware of their expenditure.
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Parenting From the time a child starts asking about sex is the time from when to start talking about the birds and the bees. School Children spend most of their waking hours in school. They need not be paid for their work but what about their expenses like transportation and others? You are not required to offer a lot of contextual information, as the public is already aware of your subject. Gender stereotypes set impossible standards for men and women that lead to unhappiness, loneliness and possibly violence towards themselves. Last but not least, you need to ensure that your public will pay attention from the very beginning.
Therefore, you need to avoid presenting the subject solely from your own perspective, as you would in a convincing speech.